Hanoi, in the center of the Red River Delta, has gradually expanded over time and become a major capital in the world. In 2017, the city had an area of more than 3300 square kilometers and about 9 million inhabitants. Hanoi is located in a diverse ecosystem with mountainous areas, midlands, plains, and many rivers and lakes.


The section of the Red River flowing into Hanoi

The mountainous area is mainly concentrated in two districts of Ba Vi and My Duc. Ba Vi mountain range, with the highest peak of nearly 1300m along with Huong Son and Quan Son limestone mountains, has a rich fauna and flora. In recent years, the mountainous area has developed many species of medicinal and industrial plants for economic development. The low mountainous and midland areas in Soc Son, Dong Mo, and Ngai Son were originally the places where Hanoi residents settled early and cultivated crops such as tea, vegetables, and developed buffalo, cow, and goat husbandry. 

The delta has fertile soil thanks to alluvial deposits of the river system. The residents here mainly grow wet rice with two crops per year and many side crops and fruit trees. Fruits such as Canh orange, Dien pomelo, Xuan Dinh persimmon, Nhat Tan peach blossom and Quang Ba kumquat are grown and are famous agricultural products of Hanoi.

Ba Vi mountainous area

Quoc Oai midland

Thach That delta

A part of low-lying land in southern districts of My Duc, Phu Xuyen, Thuong Tin, and Ung Hoa is always flooded in the rainy season. The residents here previously could only plant one rice crop in combination with raising ducks, shrimp, and fish. Currently in many places, agriculture is applying high technology, converting crops, and focusing mainly on flowers, vegetables and fruit trees. This has brought about great changes in life and landscape. 


Lê Chí Công